This study aims to investigate the effects of MDMA on prefrontal and amygdala activation, and to explore the relationship between these MDMA-induced neural changes and the acute behavioural effects of the drug in patients with PTSD.
Trial DetailsThe investigators intend to utilize state-of-the-art validated Human Connectome Project (HCP) style approaches to determine the effects of MDMA on prefrontal and amygdala activation, and to explore the relationship between these MDMA-induced neural changes and the acute behavioral effects of the drug in patients with PTSD. In addition, the investigators will collect preliminary data on the MDMA effects on large-scale intrinsic functional connectivity using novel graph-based network analyses. Specifically, the investigators will measure medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and amygdala activation in response to negative stimuli in patients with PTSD. The investigators hypothesize that MDMA will increase mPFC, but decrease amygdala, activation in response to negative stimuli. The investigators will also explore the relationship between the MDMA-induced mPFC and amygdala activation, and performance on Ekman's Emotional Facial Expression task. This task is modulated by the mPFC and amygdala and as well as trauma severity in participants with PTSD. And finally, to explore the effects of MDMA on resting-state functional connectivity (rs-fcMRI) the investigators will use Coupled Intrinsic Connectivity Distribution (Coupled-ICD); an innovative, graph-based, fully data-driven approach that is particularly sensitive to paired rs-fcMRI data (e.g. pre/post-treatment). Adult participants with PTSD will be recruited for a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subjects, crossover-dose neuroimaging study in which they will initially receive either a single dose of MDMA 1.5mg/kg or a placebo (niacin 250mg), with a crossover dose to follow. Doses will be separated by 2 weeks.
NCT Number NCT03752918
Sponsors & CollaboratorsYale University
The Yale Psychedelic Science Group was established in 2016.
Measures UsedClinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5
The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) is often considered the gold standard in PTSD assessment. The 30-item structured interview was developed by staff at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs National Centre for PTSD. CAPS can be used to make a current diagnosis, lifetime diagnosis or assess PTSD symptoms over the past week in accordance with DSM-5 criteria.
Beck Depression Inventory
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) contains 21 self-report items, completed using a multiple-choice format. Scores range from 0-63 with higher scores associated with more severe depression.
5-Dimensional Altered States of Consciousness Questionnaire
The 5D-ASC scale measures altered states of consciousness and contains 94 items (visual analog scales).