Real world effectiveness of repeated ketamine infusions for treatment-resistant depression with comorbid borderline personality disorder

This retrospective analysis (n=100) of the effectiveness of ketamine (35mg/70kg) for borderline personality disorder (BPD) in those with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) finds that intravenous ketamine significantly reduces symptoms of depression, borderline personality, suicidality, and anxiety in patients with comorbid BPD and TRD. Both BPD-positive and BPD-negative groups showed significant improvements in the primary outcome measures, with no significant difference between groups.


“Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has high rates of comorbidity with mood disorders, including treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Comorbidity of BPD with depression is associated with poorer response to antidepressants. Intravenous ketamine is a novel treatment for TRD that has not been specifically evaluated in patients with comorbid BPD. In this retrospective analysis of data collected from participants who received care at the Canadian Rapid Treatment Centre of Excellence (CRTCE; Braxia Health; NCT04209296), we evaluated the effectiveness of intravenous ketamine in a TRD population with comorbid BPD (N=100; n=50 BPD-positive compared with n=50 BPD-negative). Participants were administered four doses of intravenous ketamine (0.5-0.75mg/kg over 40 minutes) over two weeks. The primary outcome measures were changes in depressive symptom severity (as measured by Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology–Self Report 16-item (QIDS-SR16)) and borderline symptom severity (as measured by Borderline Symptom List 23-item (BSL-23)). Both BPD-positive and BPD-negative groups improved significantly on the QIDS-SR16, QIDS-SR16 suicide ideation item, anxiety, and functionality scales with large effect sizes. There was no significant difference between groups. The BPD-positive group exhibited significant reduction of 0.64 on BSL-23 scores and a significant reduction of 5.95 on QIDS-SR16 scores. Patients with TRD and comorbid BPD receiving ketamine exhibited a significant reduction in symptoms of depression, borderline personality, suicidality, and anxiety.”

Authors: Kevork Danayan, Noah Chisamore, Nelson B. Rodrigues, Joshua D. Di Vincenzo, Shakila Meshkat, Zoe Doyle, Rodrigo Mansur, Lee Phan, Farhan Fancy, Edmond Chau, Aniqa Tabassum, Kevin Kratiuk, Anil Arekapudi, Kayla M. Teopiz, Roger S. McIntyre, Joshua D. Rosenblat


Institutes associated with this publication

Braxia Scientific
Braxia Scientific Corp (previously Champignon Brands and Apotheosis Scientific) is one of the for-profit companies developing therapies in conjunction with psychedelics. In its short history, it has acquired a psilocybin research firm Tassili Life Sciences, a mushroom cultivator (Artisan Growers), and has recently started offering esketamine treatments for MDD.

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